Thuốc Pylera

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Thuốc Pylera
Thuốc Pylera

Holevn Health chia sẻ các bài viết về: Thuốc Pylera, tác dụng phụ – liều lượng, Thuốc Pylera điều trị bệnh gì. Các vấn đề lưu ý khác. Vui lòng tham khảo các chi tiết dưới đây.

Tên chung: bismuth subcitrate kali, metronidazole và tetracycline (BIZ muth sub SIT Rate poe TASS ee um, MET roe NYE da zole, TET ra SYE kleen)
Tên thương hiệu: Pylera

Được xem xét về mặt y tế bởi P. Thornton, DipPharm Cập nhật lần cuối vào ngày 4 tháng 7 năm 2019.

Pylera là gì?

Pylera chứa một sự kết hợp của bismuth subcitrate kali, metronidazole và tetracycline. Bismuth subcitrate kali là một khoáng chất. Metronidazole và tetracycline là kháng sinh chống lại vi khuẩn trong cơ thể.

Pylera được sử dụng để điều trị loét dạ dày tá tràng (loét tá tràng) với nhiễm trùng Helicobacter pylori.

Pylera thường được dùng cùng với omeprazole (Prilosec).

Thông tin quan trọng

Bạn không nên sử dụng Pylera nếu bạn bị bệnh thận nặng, hoặc nếu bạn đã dùng disulfiram (Antabuse) trong vòng 2 tuần qua.

Không sử dụng Pylera nếu bạn đang mang thai hoặc cho con bú. Sử dụng tetracycline trong khi mang thai có thể gây hại cho thai nhi hoặc gây đổi màu răng vĩnh viễn sau này trong cuộc đời của em bé.

Không uống rượu hoặc tiêu thụ thực phẩm hoặc thuốc có chứa propylene glycol trong khi bạn đang dùng Pylera và trong ít nhất 3 ngày sau khi bạn ngừng dùng thuốc.

Do not drink alcohol or consume food or medicines that contain propylene glycol while you are taking Pylera. You may have unpleasant side effects such as headaches, stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, and flushing (warmth, redness, or tingly feeling).

Avoid alcohol or propylene glycol for at least 3 days after you stop taking this medicine. Check the labels of any medicines or food products you use to make sure they do not contain alcohol or propylene glycol.

Avoid exposure to sunlight or tanning beds. Tetracycline can make you sunburn more easily. Wear protective clothing and use sunscreen (SPF 30 or higher) when you are outdoors.

Antibiotic medicines can cause diarrhea, which may be a sign of a new infection. If you have diarrhea that is watery or bloody, call your doctor before using anti-diarrhea medicine.

Avoid taking Pylera with milk or other dairy products. Also avoid taking this medicine at the same time you take any multivitamins, mineral supplements, or antacids. These products can make it harder for your body to absorb the medicine.

Pylera side effects

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction to Pylera (hives, difficult breathing, swelling in your face or throat) or a severe skin reaction (fever, sore throat, burning eyes, skin pain, red or purple skin rash with blistering and peeling).

Call your doctor at once if you have:

  • severe stomach pain, diarrhea that is watery or bloody (even if it occurs months after your last dose);

  • dizziness, problems with speech or coordination;

  • fever, chills, sore throat, flu symptoms;

  • neck stiffness, increased sensitivity to light, purple spots on the skin;

  • numbness or tingling in your arms and legs;

  • a seizure; or

  • increased pressure inside the skull – severe headaches, ringing in your ears, dizziness, nausea, vision problems, pain behind your eyes.

If you have Cockayne syndrome, stop taking Pylera and call your doctor right away if you have signs of liver problems such as stomach pain, nausea, clay-colored stools, or yellowing of your skin or eyes.

Bismuth subcitrate potassium may cause your tongue to become darker in color. It may also cause your stools to appear black in color. These are harmless and temporary side effects.

Common Pylera side effects may include:

  • diarrhea or other changes in your stools;

  • nausea; or

  • headache.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect Pylera?

Tell your doctor about all your other medicines, especially:

  • busulfan;

  • cimetidine;

  • lithium;

  • a blood thinner (warfarin, Coumadin, Jantoven); or

  • seizure medication such as phenobarbital or phenytoin.

This list is not complete. Other drugs may interact with bismuth subcitrate potassium, metronidazole, and tetracycline, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible drug interactions are listed here.

Further information

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use Pylera only for the indication prescribed.

The content of Holevn is solely for the purpose of providing information about Thuốc Pylera  and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Please contact your nearest doctor or clinic, hospital for advice. We do not accept liability if the patient arbitrarily uses the drug without following a doctor’s prescription.

Reference from: https://www.drugs.com/pylera.html

Usual Pediatric Dose for Helicobacter pylori Infection:

8 years and older: Bismuth subcitrate potassium 420 mg-metronidazole 375 mg-tetracycline 375 mg orally 4 times a day (after meals and at bedtime)
-Duration of therapy: 10 days

Comment: Omeprazole should be given orally 2 times a day during treatment (after morning and evening meals).

Use: Eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with active or a history (e.g., within 5 years) of duodenal ulcer infection and/or disease

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the medicine as soon as you can, but skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next dose. Do not take two doses at one time.

If you miss more than 4 doses, call your doctor for instructions.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call 115.

What should I avoid while taking Pylera?

Do not drink alcohol or consume food or medicines that contain propylene glycol while you are taking Pylera. You may have unpleasant side effects such as headaches, stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, and flushing (warmth, redness, or tingly feeling).

Avoid alcohol or propylene glycol for at least 3 days after you stop taking this medicine. Check the labels of any medicines or food products you use to make sure they do not contain alcohol or propylene glycol.

Avoid exposure to sunlight or tanning beds. Tetracycline can make you sunburn more easily. Wear protective clothing and use sunscreen (SPF 30 or higher) when you are outdoors.

Antibiotic medicines can cause diarrhea, which may be a sign of a new infection. If you have diarrhea that is watery or bloody, call your doctor before using anti-diarrhea medicine.

Avoid taking Pylera with milk or other dairy products. Also avoid taking this medicine at the same time you take any multivitamins, mineral supplements, or antacids. These products can make it harder for your body to absorb the medicine.

Pylera side effects

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction to Pylera (hives, difficult breathing, swelling in your face or throat) or a severe skin reaction (fever, sore throat, burning eyes, skin pain, red or purple skin rash with blistering and peeling).

Call your doctor at once if you have:

  • severe stomach pain, diarrhea that is watery or bloody (even if it occurs months after your last dose);

  • dizziness, problems with speech or coordination;

  • fever, chills, sore throat, flu symptoms;

  • neck stiffness, increased sensitivity to light, purple spots on the skin;

  • numbness or tingling in your arms and legs;

  • a seizure; or

  • increased pressure inside the skull – severe headaches, ringing in your ears, dizziness, nausea, vision problems, pain behind your eyes.

If you have Cockayne syndrome, stop taking Pylera and call your doctor right away if you have signs of liver problems such as stomach pain, nausea, clay-colored stools, or yellowing of your skin or eyes.

Bismuth subcitrate potassium may cause your tongue to become darker in color. It may also cause your stools to appear black in color. These are harmless and temporary side effects.

Common Pylera side effects may include:

  • diarrhea or other changes in your stools;

  • nausea; or

  • headache.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect Pylera?

Tell your doctor about all your other medicines, especially:

  • busulfan;

  • cimetidine;

  • lithium;

  • a blood thinner (warfarin, Coumadin, Jantoven); or

  • seizure medication such as phenobarbital or phenytoin.

This list is not complete. Other drugs may interact with bismuth subcitrate potassium, metronidazole, and tetracycline, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible drug interactions are listed here.

Further information

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use Pylera only for the indication prescribed.

The content of Holevn is solely for the purpose of providing information about Thuốc Pylera  and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Please contact your nearest doctor or clinic, hospital for advice. We do not accept liability if the patient arbitrarily uses the drug without following a doctor’s prescription.

Reference from: https://www.drugs.com/pylera.html

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