Thuốc Meningococcal group B vaccine

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Thuốc Meningococcal group B vaccine
Thuốc Meningococcal group B vaccine

Holevn Health share articles about :Thuốc Meningococcal group B vaccine  , side effects – dosage , Thuốc Meningococcal group B vaccine what disease treatment.Other noted issues. Please refer to the details below.

Generic Name: meningococcal group B vaccine (me NIN je KOK al group B vax EEN)
Brand Name:Bexsero, Trumenba

Medically reviewed by Holevn.org on Mar 16, 2020 – Written by Cerner Multum

What is meningococcal group B vaccine?

Meningococcal disease is a serious infection caused by a bacteria. Meningococcal bacteria can infect the spinal cord and brain, causing meningitis that can be fatal. Meningococcal disease can also lead to permanent and disabling medical problems.

Meningococcal disease can spread from one person to another through small droplets of saliva released into the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The bacteria can also live on things the infected person has touched, such as a door handle or other surface. The bacteria can also be passed through kissing, or sharing a drinking glass or eating utensil with an infected person.

Meningococcal disease is more likely to occur in babies younger than 1 year, in young people ages 16 to 23 years, in anyone with a weak immune system, and in anyone exposed to an outbreak of the disease.

Meningococcal group B vaccine is used to prevent infection caused by serogroup B meningococcal bacteria. This vaccine contains four common strains of group B meningococcal bacteria.

This vaccine helps your body develop immunity to meningitis, but will not treat an active infection you already have.

Meningococcal group B vaccine is for use in children and young adults who are 10 to 25 years old. The Centers for Disease Control recommends that the best time to get this vaccine is between the ages of 16 and 18 years old.

Like any vaccine, the meningococcal group B vaccine may not provide protection from disease in every person.

Important Information

You should not receive this vaccine if you have ever had an allergic reaction to meningococcal group B vaccine.

Before taking this medicine

You should not receive this vaccine if you have ever had an allergic reaction to meningococcal group B vaccine.

If you have any of these other conditions, your vaccine may need to be postponed or not given at all:

  • an allergy to latex rubber;

  • any condition that weakens the immune system (such as HIV, AIDS, or cancer); or

  • a condition for which you are receiving steroids, chemotherapy, or radiation treatments.

You can still receive a vaccine if you have a minor cold. In the case of a more severe illness with a fever or any type of infection, wait until you get better before receiving this vaccine.

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Your doctor will determine whether you need this vaccine.

How is this vaccine given?

This vaccine is given as an injection (shot) into a muscle. A healthcare provider will give you this injection.

Meningococcal group B vaccine is recommended if:

  • you have been exposed to an outbreak of meningococcal disease;

  • you work in a laboratory and are exposed to meningococcal bacteria;

  • you have a medical problem affecting your spleen, or your spleen has been removed;

  • you use a medicine called eculizumab (Soliris); or

  • you have an immune system disorder called “persistent complement component deficiency.”

Meningococcal group B vaccine is given in a series of 2 or 3 shots. Booster shots are given at 1 or 2 months after the first shot. A third shot if needed is given 6 months after the first shot.

Your booster schedule may be different from these guidelines. Follow your doctor’s instructions or the schedule recommended by your local health department.

There are other types of meningococcal vaccine available. When you receive a booster dose, make sure you are receiving a vaccine for meningococcal serogroup B and not for serogroups A, C, W, or Y.

Be sure to receive all recommended doses of this vaccine or you may not be fully protected against disease.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Contact your doctor if you miss a booster dose or if you get behind schedule. The next dose should be given as soon as possible. There is no need to start over.

What happens if I overdose?

An overdose of this vaccine is unlikely to occur.

What should I avoid before or after receiving this vaccine?

Follow your doctor’s instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity.

This vaccine side effects

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Keep track of any and all side effects you have after receiving this vaccine. When you receive a booster dose, you will need to tell the doctor if the previous shot caused any side effects.

You should not receive a booster vaccine if you had a life-threatening allergic reaction after the first shot.

Becoming infected with meningococcal disease and developing meningitis (infection of the spinal cord and lining of the brain) is much more dangerous to your health than receiving this vaccine. However, like any medicine, this vaccine can cause side effects but the risk of serious side effects is extremely low.

You may feel faint after receiving this vaccine. Some people have had seizure-like reactions after receiving this vaccine. Your doctor may want you to remain under observation during the first 15 minutes after the injection.

Common side effects may include:

  • fever, chills;

  • headache;

  • feeling tired;

  • muscle or joint pain;

  • nausea, diarrhea; or

  • pain, redness, swelling, or a hard lump where the shot was given.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report vaccine side effects to the US Department of Health and Human Services at 1 800 822 7967.

Meningococcal group B vaccine dosing information

Usual Adult Dose for Meningitis — Meningococcal:

For use in adults up to 25 years old

Bexsero(R):
Two doses (0.5 mL each), IM, at least 1 month apart

Trumenba(R):
Three doses (0.5 mL each), IM, at 0, 2, and 6 months

Comments:
-It is not known if the vaccines are interchangeable.

Use: To prevent invasive disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Meningitis — Meningococcal:

For use in children 10 years and older

Bexsero(R):
Two doses (0.5 mL each), IM, at least 1 month apart

Trumenba(R):
Three doses (0.5 mL each), IM, at 0, 2, and 6 months

Comments:
-It is not known if the vaccines are interchangeable.

Use: To prevent invasive disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B.

What other drugs will affect this vaccine?

Before receiving this vaccine, tell your doctor about all other vaccines you have recently received.

Other drugs may affect meningococcal group B vaccine, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any medicine you start or stop using.

Further information

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

The content of Holevn is solely for the purpose of providing information about Thuốc Meningococcal group B vaccine  and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Please contact your nearest doctor or clinic, hospital for advice. We do not accept liability if the patient arbitrarily uses the drug without following a doctor’s prescription.

Reference from: https://www.drugs.com/mtm/meningococcal-group-b-vaccine.html

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