Thuốc Chlorpheniramine and codeine

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Thuốc Chlorpheniramine and codeine
Thuốc Chlorpheniramine and codeine

Hovevn Health chia sẻ các bài viết về: Thuốc chlorpheniramine và codein, tác dụng phụ – liều lượng, thuốc chlorpheniramine và codein điều trị bệnh gì. Các vấn đề lưu ý khác. Vui lòng tham khảo các chi tiết dưới đây.

Tên chung: chlorpheniramine và codeine (KLOR fen IR a meed và KOE deen)
Tên thương hiệu: Codar AR, Tuzistra XR, Codeprex, Cotab A, Cotab AX, Notuss-AC, Z-Tuss AC, Zodryl AC 25, Zodryl AC 30, Zodryl AC 35, Zodryl AC 50, Zodryl AC 40, Zodryl Zodryl AC 80, Endacof-C, TL-Hist CM, Zodryl AC Người lớn, Lexuss 210

Được xem xét y tế bởi Holevn.org vào ngày 18 tháng 9 năm 2018 – Viết bởi Cerner Multum

Clorpheniramine và codein là gì?

là một chất kháng histamine làm giảm tác dụng của histamine hóa học tự nhiên trong cơ thể. Histamine có thể tạo ra các triệu chứng hắt hơi, ngứa, chảy nước mắt và chảy nước mũi.

Codein là một thuốc giảm ho gây nghiện. Nó ảnh hưởng đến các tín hiệu trong não kích hoạt phản xạ ho.

Clorpheniramine và codein là một loại thuốc kết hợp được sử dụng để điều trị ho, sổ mũi, hắt hơi, ngứa và chảy nước mắt do dị ứng hoặc cảm lạnh thông thường. chlorpheniramine và codeine được sử dụng ở người lớn và trẻ em ít nhất 12 tuổi.

Không dùng thuốc này cho bất cứ ai dưới 18 tuổi gần đây đã phẫu thuật để loại bỏ amidan hoặc adenoids.

Clorpheniramine và codeine cũng có thể được sử dụng cho các mục đích không được liệt kê trong hướng dẫn thuốc này.

Thông tin quan trọng

MISUSE OF THIS MEDICINE CAN CAUSE ADDICTION, OVERDOSE, OR DEATH. Keep the medication in a place where others cannot get to it.

This medicine can slow your breathing. Death may occur if breathing becomes too weak.

Do not give this medicine to anyone younger than 12 years old, or anyone under 18 who recently had surgery to remove the tonsils or adenoids.

Do not use this medicine if you have used an MAO inhibitor in the past 14 days, such as , , injection, , , , or .

Fatal side effects can occur if you use this medicine with alcohol, or with other drugs that cause drowsiness or slow your breathing.

Before taking this medicine

You should not use chlorpheniramine and codeine if you are allergic to chlorpheniramine or codeine, or if you have:

  • severe breathing problems; or

  • a stomach or bowel obstruction (including paralytic ileus).

Do not use this medicine if you have used an MAO inhibitor in the past 14 days. A dangerous drug interaction could occur. MAO inhibitors include isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue injection, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, tranylcypromine, and others.

Tell your doctor if you have ever had:

  • lung disease, breathing problems;

  • a seizure, head injury, or brain tumor;

  • stomach pain, constipation;

  • , urination problems;

  • problems with your pancreas or adrenal glands;

  • liver or kidney disease;

  • low blood pressure; or

  • alcoholism or drug addiction.

If you use codeine while you are pregnant, your baby could become dependent on the drug. This can cause life-threatening withdrawal symptoms in the baby after it is born. Babies born dependent on habit-forming medicine may need medical treatment for several weeks. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.

Do not breast-feed. Any codeine in your breast milk can cause life-threatening side effects in your baby. Chlorpheniramine may slow breast milk production.

How should I take chlorpheniramine and codeine?

Follow the directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides. Never use this medicine in larger amounts, or for longer than prescribed. Cold or cough medicine is only for short-term use until your symptoms clear up.

Never share this medicine with another person, especially someone with a history of drug abuse or addiction. MISUSE CAN CAUSE ADDICTION, OVERDOSE, OR DEATH. Keep the medicine in a place where others cannot get to it. Selling or giving away chlorpheniramine and codeine is against the law.

Shake the oral suspension (liquid) before you measure a dose.

Measure liquid medicine carefully. Use the dosing syringe provided, or use a medicine dose-measuring device (not a kitchen spoon).

Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve after 5 days, or if you have a fever, rash, or headaches.

If you need surgery or medical tests, tell the surgeon or doctor ahead of time if you have taken this medicine within the past few days.

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Keep track of your medicine. Codeine is a drug of abuse and you should be aware if anyone is using your medicine improperly or without a prescription.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Since chlorpheniramine and codeine is used when needed, you may not be on a dosing schedule. Skip any missed dose if it’s almost time for your next dose. Do not use two doses at one time.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call 115. A codeine overdose can be fatal, especially in a child or other person using the medicine without a prescription. Overdose symptoms may include slow breathing and heart rate, severe drowsiness, muscle weakness, cold and clammy skin, pinpoint pupils, and fainting.

What should I avoid while taking chlorpheniramine and codeine?

Avoid driving or hazardous activity until you know how chlorpheniramine and codeine will affect you. Avoid getting up too fast from a sitting or lying position, or you may feel dizzy. Dizziness or drowsiness can cause falls, accidents, or severe injuries.

Ask a doctor or pharmacist before using other cough or cold medicines that may contain similar ingredients.

Do not drink alcohol. Dangerous side effects or death could occur.

Chlorpheniramine and codeine side effects

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Like other narcotic medications, codeine can slow your breathing. Death may occur if breathing becomes too weak.

A person caring for you should seek emergency medical attention if you have slow breathing with long pauses, blue colored lips, or if you are hard to wake up.

Stop using this medicine and call your doctor at once if you have:

  • noisy breathing, sighing, shallow breathing;

  • confusion, severe drowsiness;

  • a light-headed feeling, like you might pass out;

  • severe constipation; or

  • adrenal gland problems–nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, feeling very dizzy, weak, or tired.

Serious side effects may be more likely in older adults and those who are overweight, malnourished, or debilitated.

Common side effects may include:

  • dizziness, drowsiness, feeling light-headed;

  • confusion, lack of energy, coordination problems;

  • headache;

  • dry mouth;

  • sweating; or

  • nausea, vomiting, constipation.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Chlorpheniramine and codeine dosing information

Usual Adult Dose for Allergic Rhinitis:

Immediate-release (suspension, liquid, tablets):
1 dose orally every 4 to 6 hours as needed
-Chlorpheniramine: Single dose: up to 4 mg; Maximum dose: 24 mg/24 hours
-Codeine: Single dose: up to 20 mg; Maximum dose: 120 mg/24 hours
Maximum doses should not exceed maximum dose of either of the single ingredient doses

Extended-release suspension: chlorpheniramine polistirex 2.8 mg/codeine polistirex 14.7 mg per 5 mL (equivalent to chlorpheniramine maleate 4 mg/codeine phosphate 20 mg per 5 mL)
10 mL orally every 12 hours
Maximum dose: 20 mL/24 hours

Comments:
-Liquid preparations should be measured with an accurate milliliter measuring device.
-Shake oral suspensions well before measuring dose.

Uses: For the temporary relief of cough due to minor throat and bronchial irritations as may occur with the common cold or inhaled irritants; temporarily decreases runny nose and reduces sneezing, itching of the nose or throat, and itchy, watery eyes due to hay fever or other upper respiratory allergies.

Usual Adult Dose for Cough and Nasal Congestion:

Immediate-release (suspension, liquid, tablets):
1 dose orally every 4 to 6 hours as needed
-Chlorpheniramine: Single dose: up to 4 mg; Maximum dose: 24 mg/24 hours
-Codeine: Single dose: up to 20 mg; Maximum dose: 120 mg/24 hours
Maximum doses should not exceed maximum dose of either of the single ingredient doses

Extended-release suspension: chlorpheniramine polistirex 2.8 mg/codeine polistirex 14.7 mg per 5 mL (equivalent to chlorpheniramine maleate 4 mg/codeine phosphate 20 mg per 5 mL)
10 mL orally every 12 hours
Maximum dose: 20 mL/24 hours

Comments:
-Liquid preparations should be measured with an accurate milliliter measuring device.
-Shake oral suspensions well before measuring dose.

Uses: For the temporary relief of cough due to minor throat and bronchial irritations as may occur with the common cold or inhaled irritants; temporarily decreases runny nose and reduces sneezing, itching of the nose or throat, and itchy, watery eyes due to hay fever or other upper respiratory allergies.

What other drugs will affect chlorpheniramine and codeine?

Using chlorpheniramine and codeine with other drugs that make you sleepy or slow your breathing can cause dangerous side effects or death. Ask your doctor before using opioid medication, a sleeping pill, a muscle relaxer, other cough or cold medicine, or medicine for anxiety or seizures.

Tell your doctor about all your current medicines. Many drugs can affect chlorpheniramine and codeine, especially:

  • carbamazepine, phenytoin, ;

  • asthma medication;

  • antibiotic or antifungal medicine;

  • antiviral medicine to treat HIV or hepatitis C;

  • heart or blood pressure medication;

  • medicine to treat bladder problems or stomach problems; or

  • medicine to treat depression, mood disorders, or mental illness.

This list is not complete and many other drugs may affect chlorpheniramine and codeine. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and . Not all possible drug interactions are listed here.

Further information

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

The content of Holevn is solely for the purpose of providing information about Thuốc Chlorpheniramine and codeine  and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Please contact your nearest doctor or clinic, hospital for advice. We do not accept liability if the patient arbitrarily uses the drug without following a doctor’s prescription.

Reference from: https://www.drugs.com/mtm/chlorpheniramine-and-codeine.html

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