Thuốc Belladonna/Phenobarbital (Oral)

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Thuốc Belladonna/Phenobarbital (Oral)
Thuốc Belladonna/Phenobarbital (Oral)

Holevn Health chia sẻ các bài viết về: Thuốc Belladonna / Phenobarbital (Thuốc uống), tác dụng phụ – liều lượng, Thuốc Belladonna / Phenobarbital (Thuốc uống) điều trị bệnh gì. Vui lòng tham khảo các chi tiết dưới đây.

Tên chung: belladonna alkaloids và phenobarbital (Đường uống)

AT-roe-peen SUL-định mệnh, hye-oh-SYE-a-meen SUL-định mệnh, lệ phí-noe-BAR-bi-Tal, skoe-POL-a-meen hye-droe-BROE-mide

Holevn.org xem xét y tế. Cập nhật lần cuối vào ngày 21 tháng 1 năm 2020.

Tên thương hiệu thường được sử dụng

Tại Hoa Kỳ

  • Chống co thắt
  • Belladonna / Phenobarbital
  • Sinh sản
  • Hy-PB Hyos
  • Hy-Donna PB Hyos

Các dạng bào chế có sẵn:

  • Thuốc tiên
  • Máy tính bảng

Lớp trị liệu: Kết hợp antimuscarinic

Lớp dược lý: Atropine

Sử dụng cho Belladonna / Phenobarbital

Belladonna alkaloids và phenobarbital kết hợp được sử dụng để điều trị chuột rút và co thắt ở dạ dày và ruột. Nó cũng có thể được sử dụng cho loét dạ dày.

Thuốc này chỉ có sẵn với toa thuốc của bác sĩ.

Trước khi sử dụng Belladonna / Phenobarbital

Khi quyết định sử dụng thuốc, rủi ro của việc dùng thuốc phải được cân nhắc với lợi ích mà nó sẽ làm. Đây là một quyết định mà bạn và bác sĩ của bạn sẽ đưa ra. Đối với thuốc này, cần xem xét những điều sau đây:

Dị ứng

Hãy cho bác sĩ của bạn nếu bạn đã từng có bất kỳ phản ứng bất thường hoặc dị ứng với thuốc này hoặc bất kỳ loại thuốc khác. Cũng nói với chuyên gia chăm sóc sức khỏe của bạn nếu bạn có bất kỳ loại dị ứng nào khác, chẳng hạn như thực phẩm, thuốc nhuộm, chất bảo quản hoặc động vật. Đối với các sản phẩm không kê đơn, đọc nhãn hoặc thành phần gói cẩn thận.

Nhi khoa

Tác dụng phụ nghiêm trọng có thể xảy ra ở trẻ sơ sinh và trẻ em, đặc biệt là những trẻ bị liệt cứng hoặc tổn thương não. Hứng thú bất thường, hồi hộp, bồn chồn, hay cáu gắt và ấm áp bất thường, khô và đỏ da có nhiều khả năng xảy ra ở trẻ em, những người thường nhạy cảm hơn với tác dụng của alkaloids belladonna. Ngoài ra, khi ancaloit belladonna được cung cấp cho trẻ em trong thời tiết nóng, nhiệt độ cơ thể tăng nhanh có thể xảy ra. Ngoài ra, barbiturat trong thuốc này có thể khiến một số trẻ em trở nên hiếu động.

Lão

Nhầm lẫn hoặc mất trí nhớ; táo bón; đi tiểu khó khăn; buồn ngủ; khô miệng, mũi, họng hoặc da; và hưng phấn bất thường, hồi hộp, bồn chồn hoặc khó chịu có thể xảy ra ở người cao tuổi, những người thường nhạy cảm hơn so với người trẻ tuổi đối với tác dụng của belladonna alkaloids và barbiturat. Ngoài ra, đau mắt có thể xảy ra, có thể là một dấu hiệu của bệnh tăng nhãn áp.

Thai kỳ

Mang thai loại Giải trình
Tất cả các tam cá nguyệt C Các nghiên cứu trên động vật đã cho thấy một tác dụng phụ và không có nghiên cứu đầy đủ ở phụ nữ mang thai HOẶC không có nghiên cứu trên động vật nào được thực hiện và không có nghiên cứu đầy đủ ở phụ nữ mang thai.
  • Dabigatran Etexilate
  • Daclatasvir
  • Dantrolene
  • Darifenacin
  • Deferasirox
  • Deflazacort
  • Delavirdine
    • Desipramine
    • Desogestrel
    • Dexmedetomidine
    • Diacetylmorphine
    • Diazepam
    • Dicumarol
    • Dicyclomine
    • Dienogest
    • Difenoxin
    • Dihydrocodeine
    • The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor’s orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

      The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

      • For stomach or intestine problems:
        • For oral dosage forms (capsules or tablets):
          • Older adults, adults, and teenagers—1 or 2 capsules 2 to 4 times a day. Your doctor may adjust the dose if needed.
          • Children—Dose must be determined by your doctor.
        • For oral dosage form (solution):
          • Adults and teenagers—The usual dose is 1 to 2 teaspoons (5 to 10 milliliters (mL)) 3 or 4 times a day. Your doctor may adjust the dose if needed.
          • Children—Dose is based on body weight and must be determined by your doctor. The usual dose is 0.5 to 7.5 mL every 4 to 6 hours. Your doctor may adjust the dose if needed.
        • For oral dosage form (chewable tablets):
          • Older adults, adults, and teenagers—Chew 1 or 2 tablets 3 or 4 times a day. Your doctor may adjust the dose if needed.
          • Children 2 to 12 years of age—Chew one-half to 1 tablet 3 or 4 times a day. Your doctor may adjust the dose if needed.
          • Children up to 2 years of age—Use is not recommended.
        • For long-acting oral dosage form (extended-release tablets):
          • Older adults, adults, and teenagers—1 tablet every 8 to 12 hours. Your doctor may adjust the dose if needed.
          • Children—Use is not recommended.

      Missed dose

      If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

      Storage

      Keep out of the reach of children.

      Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

      Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

      Precautions while using Belladonna/Phenobarbital

      This medicine will add to the effects of alcohol and other CNS depressants (medicines that slow down the nervous system, possibly causing drowsiness). Some examples of CNS depressants are antihistamines or medicine for hay fever, other allergies, or colds; sedatives, tranquilizers, or sleeping medicine; prescription pain medicine or narcotics; barbiturates; medicine for seizures; muscle relaxants; or anesthetics, including some dental anesthetics. Check with your doctor before taking any of the above while you are taking this medicine.

      Do not take this medicine within 1 hour of taking antacids or medicine for diarrhea. Taking them too close together will make the belladonna alkaloids less effective.

      Belladonna alkaloids will often make you sweat less, causing your body temperature to increase. Use extra care not to become overheated during exercise or hot weather while you are taking this medicine, as overheating could possibly result in heat stroke. This is especially important in children taking belladonna alkaloids.

      This medicine may cause your eyes to become more sensitive to light than they are normally. Wearing sunglasses and avoiding too much exposure to bright light may help lessen the discomfort.

      This medicine may cause some people to have blurred vision or to become drowsy, dizzy, or less alert than they are normally. Make sure you know how you react to this medicine before you drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are not alert or able to see well.

      This medicine may cause a dry mouth, nose, or throat. For temporary relief of mouth dryness, use sugarless candy or gum, melt bits of ice in your mouth, or use a saliva substitute. However, if your mouth continues to feel dry for more than 2 weeks, check with your dentist. Continuing dryness of the mouth may increase the chance of dental disease, including tooth decay, gum disease, and fungus infections.

      Belladonna/Phenobarbital side effects

      Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

      Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

      Rare

      • Eye pain
      • skin rash or hives
      • sore throat and fever
      • unusual bleeding or bruising
      • yellow eyes or skin

      Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

      More common

      • Constipation
      • decreased sweating
      • dizziness
      • dry mouth, nose, throat, or skin

      Less common or rare

      • Bloated feeling
      • blurred vision
      • decreased flow of breast milk
      • difficult urination
      • difficulty in swallowing
      • headache
      • increased sensitivity of eyes to sunlight
      • loss of memory
      • nausea or vomiting
      • unusual tiredness or weakness

      Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

      Seek emergency medical attention or call 115

      Further information

      The content of Holevn is solely for the purpose of providing information about Thuốc Belladonna/Phenobarbital (Oral)  and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Please contact your nearest doctor or clinic, hospital for advice. We do not accept liability if the patient arbitrarily uses the drug without following a doctor’s prescription.

      Reference from: https://www.drugs.com/cons/belladonna-phenobarbital.html

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    Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

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    • Chlorpromazine
    • Cortisone
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    • Thioridazine
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    • Warfarin

    Interactions with food/tobacco/alcohol

    Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

    Other medical problems

    The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

    • Asthma or
    • Dry mouth or
    • Emphysema (type of lung disease) or
    • Enlarged prostate or
    • Glaucoma or
    • Heart disease or
    • Hyperactivity (in children) or
    • Intestinal blockage or
    • Ulcerative colitis or
    • Urinary tract blockage or difficult urination—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
    • Down’s syndrome—Use with caution. May make the side effects worse.
    • Kidney disease or
    • Liver disease—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body.

    Proper use of Belladonna/Phenobarbital

    This section provides information on the proper use of a number of products that contain belladonna alkaloids and phenobarbital. It may not be specific to Belladonna/Phenobarbital. Please read with care.

    Take this medicine about 30 minutes to 1 hour before meals, unless otherwise directed by your doctor.

    Take this medicine only as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. To do so may increase the chance of side effects.

    Dosing

    The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor’s orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

    The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

    • For stomach or intestine problems:
      • For oral dosage forms (capsules or tablets):
        • Older adults, adults, and teenagers—1 or 2 capsules 2 to 4 times a day. Your doctor may adjust the dose if needed.
        • Children—Dose must be determined by your doctor.
      • For oral dosage form (solution):
        • Adults and teenagers—The usual dose is 1 to 2 teaspoons (5 to 10 milliliters (mL)) 3 or 4 times a day. Your doctor may adjust the dose if needed.
        • Children—Dose is based on body weight and must be determined by your doctor. The usual dose is 0.5 to 7.5 mL every 4 to 6 hours. Your doctor may adjust the dose if needed.
      • For oral dosage form (chewable tablets):
        • Older adults, adults, and teenagers—Chew 1 or 2 tablets 3 or 4 times a day. Your doctor may adjust the dose if needed.
        • Children 2 to 12 years of age—Chew one-half to 1 tablet 3 or 4 times a day. Your doctor may adjust the dose if needed.
        • Children up to 2 years of age—Use is not recommended.
      • For long-acting oral dosage form (extended-release tablets):
        • Older adults, adults, and teenagers—1 tablet every 8 to 12 hours. Your doctor may adjust the dose if needed.
        • Children—Use is not recommended.

    Missed dose

    If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

    Storage

    Keep out of the reach of children.

    Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

    Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

    Precautions while using Belladonna/Phenobarbital

    This medicine will add to the effects of alcohol and other CNS depressants (medicines that slow down the nervous system, possibly causing drowsiness). Some examples of CNS depressants are antihistamines or medicine for hay fever, other allergies, or colds; sedatives, tranquilizers, or sleeping medicine; prescription pain medicine or narcotics; barbiturates; medicine for seizures; muscle relaxants; or anesthetics, including some dental anesthetics. Check with your doctor before taking any of the above while you are taking this medicine.

    Do not take this medicine within 1 hour of taking antacids or medicine for diarrhea. Taking them too close together will make the belladonna alkaloids less effective.

    Belladonna alkaloids will often make you sweat less, causing your body temperature to increase. Use extra care not to become overheated during exercise or hot weather while you are taking this medicine, as overheating could possibly result in heat stroke. This is especially important in children taking belladonna alkaloids.

    This medicine may cause your eyes to become more sensitive to light than they are normally. Wearing sunglasses and avoiding too much exposure to bright light may help lessen the discomfort.

    This medicine may cause some people to have blurred vision or to become drowsy, dizzy, or less alert than they are normally. Make sure you know how you react to this medicine before you drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are not alert or able to see well.

    This medicine may cause a dry mouth, nose, or throat. For temporary relief of mouth dryness, use sugarless candy or gum, melt bits of ice in your mouth, or use a saliva substitute. However, if your mouth continues to feel dry for more than 2 weeks, check with your dentist. Continuing dryness of the mouth may increase the chance of dental disease, including tooth decay, gum disease, and fungus infections.

    Belladonna/Phenobarbital side effects

    Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

    Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

    Rare

    • Eye pain
    • skin rash or hives
    • sore throat and fever
    • unusual bleeding or bruising
    • yellow eyes or skin

    Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

    More common

    • Constipation
    • decreased sweating
    • dizziness
    • dry mouth, nose, throat, or skin

    Less common or rare

    • Bloated feeling
    • blurred vision
    • decreased flow of breast milk
    • difficult urination
    • difficulty in swallowing
    • headache
    • increased sensitivity of eyes to sunlight
    • loss of memory
    • nausea or vomiting
    • unusual tiredness or weakness

    Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

    Seek emergency medical attention or call 115

    Further information

    The content of Holevn is solely for the purpose of providing information about Thuốc Belladonna/Phenobarbital (Oral)  and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Please contact your nearest doctor or clinic, hospital for advice. We do not accept liability if the patient arbitrarily uses the drug without following a doctor’s prescription.

    Reference from: https://www.drugs.com/cons/belladonna-phenobarbital.html

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